Effect of Short Term Pranayama on Cardiovascular Autonomic Function in Hypothyroidism

Authors

  • Kiran Kumar Chintala, Vedadhruthy Samudrala, Bandi Hari Krishna Associate Professor

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijop.v7i3.115

Keywords:

Pranayama, hypothyroidism, cardiac autonomic function.

Abstract

Introduction

Hypothyroidism is defined as a clinical state resulting from insufficient secretion of thyroid hormone from thyroid gland due to some structural or functional impairment of thyroid hormone production. Since Pranayama have proven to have beneficial and therapeutic effects, in normal and diseased states alike, we plan to study the effects of short term (1 month) practice of pranayama on cardiovascular autonomic function in hypothyroid patients.

Materials and Method

The present study was conducted on 50 volunteers’ in between 18-30yrs of age. After obtaining ethical clearance from the institutional Human Ethics Committee. Inclusion criteria consisting of 18–30 years of aged women, newly diagnosed hypothyroidism. Pregnant or breast-feeding, addicted to alcohol or drugs, those who are already practicing pranayama was the criteria to exclude the patients.

Results

Parasympathetic tests, the delta heart rate in deep breathing test and Valsalva ratio were increased in both groups however the increase in delta heart rate in deep breathing test in PG, CG were 31.13%, 16.39% and valsalva ratio in PG, CG were 8.11% and 4.23 respectively. The reduction diastolic blood pressure change in hand grip test was 19.52% in PG and 6.21% in CG. In cold pressor test, diastolic blood pressure was reduced by 12.34% in PG and 7.75% in CG.

Conclusion

The results of this study demonstrate that regular practice of pranayama in addition to standard medical therapy is more beneficial to improve cardiovascular autonomic function in hypothyroid patients.

Author Biography

Kiran Kumar Chintala, Vedadhruthy Samudrala, Bandi Hari Krishna , Associate Professor

Chintala Kiran Kumar1, Samudrala Vedadhruthy2, Krishna Bandi Hari3,*

1Associate Professor, Department of Physiology, Narayana Medical College, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, India

2MBBS student, Narayana Medical College, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, India

3Assistant Professor, Department of Physiology, Sri Venkateswara Medical College, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India

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Published

2019-07-25

How to Cite

Kiran Kumar Chintala, Vedadhruthy Samudrala, Bandi Hari Krishna. (2019). Effect of Short Term Pranayama on Cardiovascular Autonomic Function in Hypothyroidism . International Journal of Physiology, 7(3), 35–40. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijop.v7i3.115