Assessment of Sympathetic Activity Using Hand Grip Test in Obese Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients

Authors

  • N.S.V.M. Prabhakara Rao, Mohammed Farhan Ahmed

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijop.v7i3.147

Keywords:

Hand grip test, sympathetic activity, Obese, Type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Abstract

Aim

The aim of the study is to assess sympathetic activity in Obese type 2 Diabetes mellitus patients

Objectives

To investigate any changes in sympathetic activity in obese type 2 diabetes mellitus patients using hand grip test

Methods

50 subjects of both the genders with type 2 Diabetes mellitus of 10–15 years duration and BMI > 25kg/m2 were selected as study group. In sitting posture the subject was asked to apply pressure on hand grip dynamometer at 30% of maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) for 1 minute. BP was recorded simultaneously from non-exercising arm. The procedure was repeated thrice with 5 minutes interval in between. The average increase in DBP was noted as the test response and comparison was made with readings of hand grip test from nonobese nondiabetic subjects which were selected as control group.

Results

Statistical analysis was done using unpaired t test. Increase in diastolic blood pressure with handgrip test in study group was significantly reduced compared to control group.

Conclusion

Sympathetic neuropathy is seen in obese diabetic patients. Obesity could be involved in the impairment of CAN function in type 2 diabetics and body weight control could provide an approach to reducing neuropathic complications.

Author Biography

N.S.V.M. Prabhakara Rao, Mohammed Farhan Ahmed

Rao N.S.V.M. Prabhakara1, Ahmed Mohammed Farhan2,*

1Professor & HOD, Dept of Physiology, Mahavir Institute of Medical Sciences, Vikarabad, Telangana

2Assistant Professor, Dept of Physiology, Mahavir Institute of Medical Sciences, Vikarabad, Telangana

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Published

2019-07-25

How to Cite

N.S.V.M. Prabhakara Rao, Mohammed Farhan Ahmed. (2019). Assessment of Sympathetic Activity Using Hand Grip Test in Obese Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients. International Journal of Physiology, 7(3), 135–137. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijop.v7i3.147